Construction workers, while working on field, encounter more dangerous safety risks as compared to most other employees. All the dangerous machinery, chemicals, and environments can cause major injuries to the workers if constant vigilance is absent.  According to stats provided by OSHA, the total fatalities were 4,836 in 2015 of which 937 were construction worker fatalities.
    OSHA plays a central role within construction safety protocol. They collect previous reports and data along with current observations and continuously revise, improvise, create, and implement construction safety rules and regulations. Moreover, private occupational safety professionals search and remove the hazards present on construction sites altogether. By using safer tools, chemicals, and machinery they can eliminate or reduce the chances of injury from the environment.
      Along with reducing and eliminating safety risks from the work site, they also provide necessary construction safety training and information to the workers. OSHA, on their official site have listed down common construction risks and their possible consequences along with precautionary measures to stay safe.
        Listed below are a few precautionary measures that OSHA advises to follow:
        • Head Protection
            Head protective gear is important in construction work because head injuries are common and can be caused due countless construction hazards. Architects, engineers, and safety professional design and construct buildings in a way that maximizes safety and efficiency. However, it is very unfortunate that most of the risks are present prior to completion of construction. Exposed wiring, falling objects, and tripping risks can lead to head injuries anytime throughout the construction process.
              Head injuries can lead to serious health issues such as memory loss, seizures, impaired motor function, and even death. To avoid these consequences, OSHA and private occupational safety professionals have advised that hard hats should be worn during construction work, especially in areas where there are high chances of head injury. Hard hats are an effective and very easy solution that protects workers from hidden or sudden risks during their work.
              • Crane Safety
                  Cranes are large in size and power and therefore a necessary construction hazard. There are various safety risks associated with malfunctioning or misused cranes which should be identified by carrying out regular inspections. Moreover, in addition to these risks other risks are also present. Workers can be injured by crane’s load, and its boom and load line. It should be noted that if load line or boom contacts a powerline, electrocution can occur which can cause multiple fatalities.
                    Due to all these reasons, it is extremely important to take precautionary measures before, during, and after operating cranes. The surrounding environment where the crane has to be operated should be thoroughly inspected, work orders should be re-evaluated, and the swing radius should be barricaded.  Also, the crane operators should be instructed not to swing loads over the public or workers. However, even after following these precautionary measures, accidents can still occur. Therefore, construction sites should be constantly monitored and supervisors should stay alert when the cranes are being operated.
                    • Trenching Safety
                        Trenches are basically routes dug into the ground. Their depths vary depending on the purpose. The soil can be very unstable at times and trenches can collapse before they’re secured. The construction workers who work in the trench face unsafe consequences like suffocation and burial.
                          There are various reasons that can lead to trenching accidents, from poorly built exits to unstable or disturbed soil. Safety professionals have developed various precautionary measures to prevent or minimize trenching injuries. Workers cannot work in an unprotected trench and the trenches which are 20-foot long should have a professionally designed protective system. Also, exits should be stable and clearly marked so that the workers can quickly move out in case of any unsafe incident.