Mitigating Construction Risks Using Building Information Modelling
February 28, 2018 | Written by: Gary Bizek
Building Information Modelling or BIM, as it is popularly known as, is the process by which a building’s features can be digitally developed. This model, once created,
can be used throughout the lifetime of the building but it needs to be implemented using software only specific to BIM like the ArchiCAD or Revit software.
One of the biggest advantages of BIM is that it makes the whole construction process relatively risk-free. In order to facilitate the safety of the worksite both for the current times and in the future, BIM can be used to:
- Enable safety planning: Any and every construction worksite has to follow certain set rules and regulations which if not implemented can result in high penalties and sometimes in extreme cases, work at the project site might have to shut down completely. BIM can be used to plan out and subsequently model tasks in a sequential manner so as to eliminate almost all common yet unpredictable pain points. Using 4D models or 6D technologies, today, BIM is able to precisely pin-point potentially hazardous areas thereby facilitating their corrections even before it becomes really problematic. The ability of BIM to produce safety evaluations and risk analysis virtually helps it to reduce construction worksite risks considerably.
- Enabling limitations of events related to negative projects: BIM has the ability to work in sync with construction worksite management software. This enables better estimations of the project cost and time period required. In the long run BIM thus helps to lessen project delays or its failures considerably and has a positive impact on the project risks and liabilities in the long run. It can also be used to bring about a reduction in the variability of cost and time required between projects.
- Projects become environmentally safe: BIM in sync with any green software used in the construction industry enables the project to get regional environmental priority by:
- Calculating its impact on the environment,
- Choosing green materials for construction,
- Enabling cost comparison between environmentally sustainable materials and their non-sustainable counterparts etc.
BIM also enables construction and building specialists to forecast and predict the LEED credits that they will attain. Since LEED is the most popular global rating system for green building, acquiring credits from it has considerable economic and sociological vale.
- Helps increase building longevity: The ability of BIM to analyse and predict errors, the precision with which these buildings are constructed, actually increases manifold. This results in a dramatic reduction in errors of the building and thus can be said to immensely increase construction efficiency.
On the other hand setting up BIM in place makes it much easier for a new contractor to remodel or repair the building as and when required. Thus BIM, if implemented, from the very beginning of a construction has the ability to benefit the construction company and the clients immensely by bringing down chances of errors to almost zero.
- Can be implemented in old buildings too: Old buildings and those which have already been constructed and are occupied too can avail the benefits of BIM. This done by the retroactive use of this immensely powerful technology so as to facilitate both the remodelling and renovation of the old buildings and also to attain LEED credits. This amalgamation is only possible using the BIM software.
BIM or Building Information Modelling is said to be the future of the construction industry. It is said to be a trend which will change the face of the construction industry in a way that will be both impressive and advantageous. Designing, planning, construction and even the management of the buildings and other construction worksites can be made to become easier and much more risk free than it is now,