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Why Cross-Laminated Timber is a Great Material Choice for Construction Projects?

January 4, 2018 | Written by: Gary Bizek

construction calgary

There are many reasons for the increase in use of cross-laminated timber in construction projects. It is lightweight yet strong and offers many other technical advantages over various types of construction materials.

It is often considered as the better alternative over conventional materials in many types of situations. So what is cross-laminated timber (CLT) and what are the key benefits of using it. Find out in this guide.

What is Cross-Laminated Timber?
Cross-laminated timber or CLT is solid engineered wood panel that is produced in large scale. It is prefabricated, light and quite durable. A panel is made of multiple layers of kiln-dried lumber boards, placed in alternate directions and bonded together using special adhesives. The panels are usually prefinished or sanded before being shipped.
Some of its other properties that give it an edge over so many other construction materials include its higher resistance to fire and acoustic and better thermal performance. The material is also easier and quicker to install and eliminates any waste.

Advantages of Using CLT
There are many factors that give cross-laminated timber its unique set of advantages. The most notable ones are as following:

  • It is pre-built in controlled environments and thus production is independent of the weather conditions. Structures can be constructed in a shorter amount of time.
  • The multi-layered construction provides better fireproofing and soundproofing.
  • Because the construction material is dry, there is no moisture in the structure.
  • If you are looking for a construction material that is durable yet lightweight, cross-laminated timber makes the perfect choice.
  • This building material has much lower deformation due to swelling and shrinking. CLT also offers precision fitting and dimensional stability.
  • Planar load distribution helps in installing structures having lesser height and weight. This is an advantage over linear supporting systems.
  • CLT is recommended to be used for insulated building components. Timber surfaces maintain temperatures close to room temperatures. So the use of this material not only help in maintaining comfortable conditions, it also contributes to energy efficiency. The heat accumulation and moisture capacity of the woods used further helps in the regulation of the building’s temperature.
  • You can also use solid cross laminated timber components for applications where there is need to fix loads.
  • It features closed surface layers that provide different types of benefits associated with heat, fire, moisture and sound insulation.

Green Choice
High quality cross laminated timber is made from software that is sourced from sustainably managed forests. When compared to other solid structure construction processes, the manufacture of this material consumes lesser energy. It also contributes to reduced greenhouse gas emission.

CLT is also a green choice in the long-term. Once its useful life ends, it can be recycled. Thus, its overall useful life is much longer compared to other types of building materials. Thus, there are many reasons for using cross-laminated timber for different types of tasks in a construction project. Whether it is a residential or commercial project, this is an affordable, simpler and long-lasting choice of material.